POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS TO CANNABIS (MARIJUANA) USE

Side Effects Listed by the Arizona Department of Health Services

SHORT TERM EFFECTS:

• Problems with memory and learning, distorted perception, and difficulty in thinking and problem-solving

• Loss of coordination

• Impairs driving abilities

• High doses:  Mental confusion, panic reactions and hallucinations

 


SHORT TERM PHYSICAL EFFECTS:

• Sedation

• Blood shot eyes

• Increased heart rate

• Coughing

• Increased appetite

• Decreased blood pressure

• Bronchitis

• Bronchial asthma

 


CONTRAINDICATIONS

• Patients with respiratory disorders exacerbated by smoking should use alternative forms of ingestion

• Cannabis use may have effects on heart rate and blood pressure. Therefore, patients with severe heart conditions should discuss this with their physician

• Cannabis may elicit schizophrenic episodes in patients who are predisposed to schizophrenia. Individuals with a past medical history of schizophrenia or family history of schizophrenia may be contraindicated for cannabis use. Discuss with your physician

• Patients with a past history of adverse reactions to cannabis

• Patients using other prescription mood altering medications or narcotic pain medications should inform their physician of medical cannabis use

• Pregnancy:  Cannabis constituents can pass through breast mild and to the fetus during pregnancy, therefore, patient should inform the physician if currently pregnant or considering pregnancy

• Patients should not drive or operate heavy equipment while impaired or participate in responsibilities and activities that require focus and attention such as childcare